We tend to assume urine is free of bacteria and other microbes. However, certain conditions can result in higher levels of detectable bacterial pathogens in the urinary system. This type of sample is considered low biomass, and as such is also low in diversity. We encourage you to reach out for assistance for your study if you are interested in working with urine. 

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Urine samples can be collected using any standard sterile urine cup. For stabilization and transport of such samples, we highly recommend incorporating the Norgen Biotek Urine Preservation Solution. This product is available in a single dose ampule as well as a dried format. See instructions below for 1-5ml, 15ml, and 50ml collection protocols (under the resources section).